How did Roundup Ready & Roundup come to be?

What is Roundup Readiness? Roundup Ready is a trademark name for a patent-pending line of genetically modified seeds that are immune to the herbicide glyphosate, Roundup. These crops are called Roundup Ready crops.

Roundup was invented by who?
John Franz (Monsanto Chemist) first identified Glyphosate as a herbicide in Roundup. Pre-emergent herbicides were widely used in the ag industry in the ag sector at the time. They were applied prior to the weeds or crops appeared. The post-emergent effect of glyphosate in reducing a large number of grass and broadleaf weeds was very different, which is when combined with its extraordinary environmental properties (soil inactivation and rapid degradation, with no carryover, etc.) and toxicological properties (extremely minimal toxicity for beneficial and mammals) and made it an innovative product.

What year was it when Roundup created?
Roundup (r) was launched on the market in 1974. ラウンドアップ 互換 It’s an herbicide for all kinds of plants which quickly became a world leader. Roundup(r) initially, was employed in ditches on railroad tracks and in fields during growth seasons. This allowed farmers and ranchers to manage grass and broadleaf plants that had sprouted out of the soil.

Then came the question of Roundup Ready GMOs.
Spurred by the incredible breakthroughs in Recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s, Monsanto scientists recognized the numerous benefits for farmers who benefited if Roundup(r) could be applied directly on growing crops to manage weeds in their fields. A small team comprised of scientists (Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers and myself) headed by Dr. Ernie Jaworski, began working on this issue. The first systems to introduce genes into plants were developed by this group in the early 1980s. After that we turned our attention to the development of virusresistant, insect resistant, and Roundup-resistant crops.

ラウンドアップ It was widely known that Roundup may block the biochemical pathway plants utilize to make aromatic amino acids. Roundup’s high-level of safety for mammals and people is due to the fact that glyphosate is able to be quickly broken down by soil microorganisms. In the mid-1980s our scientists had discovered plants and microbial genes that increased tolerance to herbicides in laboratory tests and in 1987 the USDA approved the first field test of Roundup Ready plants. The Roundup-resistant plant was genetically modified tomatoes which proved resistant to Roundup. A few years later the Roundup Ready trait from bacteria was discovered and isolated.

Let’s take soybeans for an example. First, we need to answer two questions. What is Roundup Ready soybeans? How do they get made? Roundup Ready soybeans are genetically engineered soybeans which have had their DNA altered to be able to resist Roundup’s herbicide glyphosate. They are resistant to glyphosate as each soybean seed has had the Roundup Ready gene injected into it before it is planted. This allows farmers to spray their fields with Roundup Ready herbicides that kill weeds but not their crops.

Roundup Ready crops, which were introduced in the year 1996, changed agricultural research and agriculture. Roundup resistance was rapidly adopted by farmers. Today more than 90% of U.S. soybean, cotton, and canola fields use a biotech trait that allows the herbicide to be tolerant. ラウンドアップ Apart from reducing and improving weed management systems that increased yields for crops Roundup Ready crops cut down on the amount of tillage required and decreased the expense of equipment and also allowed for more efficient harvests due to “cleaner fields” with fewer herbicides. A major environmental benefit is the growing use of conservation tillage. By the reduction of plowing, farmers have reduced the amount of energy used and also GHG emissions while maintaining soil structure and reducing erosion. It was equivalent to the removal of 28.3 billion kilograms of carbon dioxide (or 12.4 million cars) off the roads. Source: PG Economy.