What is Roundup Ready and what are the Roundup-ready crops? Roundup Ready is a trademark name for a patent-pending line of genetically modified crop seeds that are immune to the herbicide glyphosate, Roundup. These are referred to as ‘Roundup Ready’ crops.
Roundup was created by who?
John Franz, a Monsanto Chemist, found that Glyphosate is an active ingredient in Roundup in 1970. In 1970, the majority of herbicides in the ag field were pre-emergent. In other words, they were sprayed before crop and weeds were established. ラウンドアップ ハイロード The remarkable post-emergent efficacy of glyphosate at controlling huge amounts of broadleaf grass weeds was remarkable. ラウンドアップ This, coupled with its remarkable environmental properties (soil degradation and rapid degradation, etc.) as well as toxicological characteristics (extremely toxic for mammals (and beneficial organisms), resulted in a product that was outstanding.
https://www.komeri.com/disp/CKmSfGoodsPageMain_001.jsp?GOODS_NO=1713321 When was Roundup introduced?
Roundup(r), which was first introduced to the market as a broad spectrum herbicide in the year 1974, quickly became one the most popular agricultural chemicals worldwide. Roundup(r), which was initially utilized in ditches, railroads as well as on fields between growing seasons, quickly grew to prominence. This enabled ranchers and farmers to manage grass and broadleaf plants that had sprung up out of the soil.
The Roundup Ready GMOs were next.
Monsanto scientists were inspired by the remarkable advances in recombinant DNA technology during the 1970s. They realized the numerous benefits for farmers when Roundup (r) could be directly applied on their crops to eliminate the weeds. A small group of researchers (Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers and myself) under the direction of Dr. Ernie Jaworski, began working on this challenge. The first systems to introduce gene into the plant were devised by this group in the early 1980s. Then, our focus shifted towards the development of resistant to viruses, insectresistant insects, insect-resistant, and Roundup-tolerant crops.
ラウンドアップ It was discovered that Roundup was able to inhibit the biochemical pathway of plants which produce aromatic amino acids. (Both animals and humans aren’t equipped with this pathway, which is why Roundup’s high degree of mammalian safety). Also it was rapidly broken down by soil microorganisms. Our scientists discovered both microbe and plant genes that conferred resistance to herbicides. The USDA approved the first field tests of Roundup Ready plants in 1987. It was the first field test of Roundup Ready tomato plants. In the following decades, the Roundup Ready gene that would become the main trait of the Roundup Ready crop was discovered. The gene was identified and then introduced into plants.
Let’s look at soybeans. To illustrate to address the following questions: What is Roundup Ready soybeans, and how are they made? Roundup Ready Soybeans are genetically engineered soybeans that have had their DNA altered so that they are able to resist the herbicide glyphosate that is the main ingredient in the herbicide, Roundup. Every soybean seed which has been given the gene Roundup Ready was instilled into it before it’s planted. This renders them insensitive to the chemical glyphosate. That means farmers are able to apply the herbicide to remove weeds without harming their crops.
Roundup Ready crop introductions in 1996 had a significant impact on agriculture and agricultural science. Roundup resistance was quickly accepted by farmers. Today, more than 90 percent of U.S. cotton, soybean, and canola fields use biotech traits that allow for herbicide tolerance. ラウンドアップ Apart from reducing and improving the effectiveness of weed control systems which increased crop yields Roundup Ready crops cut down on the amount of tillage required and decreased the expense of equipment and allowed for easier harvests because of “cleaner fields” with less plants. A major environmental benefit has been the increased adoption of conservation tillage. Through reducing plowing, farmers reduced the amount of energy used and also GHG emissions while preserving soil structure and reducing erosion. It was equivalent to removing 28.4 million tons of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This also signifies that 12.4 million cars were taken from roads every year. (Source: and PG Economics).