What is Roundup Ready?

What is Roundup Ready? Roundup Ready refers to a trademarked line of genetically modified crop seeds that are resistant to Roundup. These crops are called Roundup Ready.

Who invented Roundup?
John Franz, Monsanto chemical scientist, and the first person to find the active ingredient in Roundup was glyphosate in 1970, was the first person to define it as a herbicide. Most herbicides used in agriculture were pre-emergent. This means that they were applied prior to the crop and the weeds emerged. Glyphosate’s capacity to control huge numbers of grass weeds and broadleafs was completely different. Its exceptional environmental properties (soil inactivation and rapid degradation, etc.) and toxicological properties (extremely minimal levels of toxicity for mammals and other beneficial organisms) created it to be a groundbreaking product.

What year was it when Roundup first created?
Roundup(r) initially introduced in 1974 to the market as an insecticide with broad spectrum it quickly became a major global agricultural chemical. Roundup(r) was initially was employed in ditches on railroad tracks and in fields during growing seasons. This enabled ranchers and farmers to manage grass and broadleaf plants that had sprung up from the soil.

Then came the issue of Roundup Ready GMOs.
Monsanto scientists were inspired by the remarkable advancements in recombinant DNA technology during the 1970s. They recognized the many benefits for farmers who benefited if Roundup (r) could be directly applied on their crops to eliminate weeds. https://www.nissanchem.co.jp/news_release/news/n2020_01_23.pdf A small team of researchers (Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers and myself) headed by Dr. Ernie Jaworski, began working on this challenge. The first methods for introducing gene into the plant were devised by this group in the early 1980s. Following that, our focus shifted towards creating virusresistant insects, insect-resistant, and Roundup-resistant crops.

It was known that Roundup may block the biochemical pathway that plants use to create aromatic amino acids. Roundup’s high degree of safety for mammals and people is due to the fact that glyphosate can be quickly broken down by soil microorganisms. Our research had identified both microbial and plant genetics that conferred more herbicide tolerance. Roundup Ready plants were first evaluated on the field by USDA in 1987. This was a Roundup resistant plant that was genetically modified to produce tomato plants that were tolerant to Roundup. ラウンドアップ Then, a few years later, the Roundup Ready trait is a result of a bacterial infection and isolated.

Let’s examine soybeans. As an example, let us consider the following questions: What are Roundup Ready soybeans? And how are they made? Roundup Ready Soybeans are an engineered genetically modified variety of soybeans which has had its DNA modified to make them resistant to Roundup, an herbicide. Because each soybean seed was injected with the Roundup Ready gene prior to planting the seeds, they are insensitive to glyphosate. This means that farmers can apply the herbicide to get rid of weeds, without killing their crop.

Roundup Ready crop introductions in 1996 have had a major impact on agriculture as well as agricultural science. Roundup resistance was swiftly accepted by farmers. ラウンドアップ Today, more than 90 percent of U.S. cotton, soybean and canola fields have biotech-based traits that allow for herbicide tolerance. Roundup Ready crops streamlined and improved weed management systems. This led to increased crop yields. https://search.yahoo.co.jp/image/search?rkf=2&ei=UTF-8&gdr=1&fr=wsr_gs&p=%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A6%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%82%A2%E3%83%83%E3%83%97 It also reduced the amount of tillage required, decreased costs for equipment and made harvesting more efficient because of fewer herbicides. The increased use of conservation-tillage has had a huge impact on the environment. Farmers can lower their consumption of energy and GHGs by decreasing plowing. But this also keeps soil structure intact and helps reduce erosion. ラウンドアップ In 2013 this was equivalent to the removal of 28 billion kilos of CO2 from the air. This is equivalent to taking 12.4 million vehicles off the road for one year (Source: PG Economics).