What is Roundup Ready? Roundup Ready is a trademark name for a patented line of genetically modified crop seeds that are immune to the herbicide glyphosate, Roundup. The crops are known as Roundup Ready crops’.
Who was the first to invent Roundup?
John Franz, a Monsanto chemist discovered that Glyphosate was an active ingredient in Roundup in the year 1970. Most herbicides at the time were preemergent. They were applied prior to the weeds and crops developed. Glyphosate’s post-emergent action in the control of large quantities of grass weeds and broadleaf herbicides was very distinct. This, along with its unique environmental properties (soil activation rapid decay, zero carryover , etc.) and toxicological attributes (extremely low toxicity for mammals and beneficial organisms) this resulted in a revolutionary product.
When was Roundup was created?
Roundup(r) was introduced on the market in 1974 as a broad-spectrum herbicide and quickly became one the world’s leading agricultural chemicals. Roundup(r), originally, was employed in ditches on railway tracks as well as in fields between growing seasons. This allowed farmers to keep a check on grass and broadleaf weeds emerging from the soil. This reduced the need for tillage, preserved soil structure, and reduced soil erosion.
Then came Roundup Ready GMOs.
ラウンドアップ Monsanto scientists were inspired by the astonishing advances in the field of recombinant DNA technology during the 1970s. They recognized the numerous advantages to farmers if Roundup (r) could directly be applied on their crops to eliminate weeds. The challenge was first tackled by a small group of scientists, led by Dr. Ernie Jaworski (Rob Horsch and Steve Rogers), The early 1980s saw the team had created the first systems to introduce genes in plants. Our attention shifted to the development of virus-resistant cropsthat are insect resistant and Roundup-tolerant.
ラウンドアップ It was established that Roundup glyphosate impeded plant’s ability to produce aromatic amino acids. Roundup’s high level of mammalian safety is because of this. Glyphosate was also quickly metabolized in the soil by microorganisms. Our researchers discovered both microbe and plant genes that conferred tolerance to herbicides. ラウンドアップ The USDA approved the first field test of Roundup Ready plants in 1987. It was the first test in the field of Roundup Ready tomato plants. In the following years, the Roundup Ready trait is a result of a bacterial infection and isolated.
As you can observe, the introduction of Roundup Ready crops in 1996 revolutionized agriculture and farming science! https://search.kakaku.com/%8F%9C%91%90%8D%DC%20%83%89%83E%83%93%83h%83A%83b%83v%83%7D%83b%83N%83X%83%8D%81%5B%83h/ Farmers quickly recognized the benefits of Roundup resistance and its adoption was swift (today over 90% of U.S. soybean cotton, corn, and canola acres use biotech-based traits that allow herbicide resistance). Roundup Ready crops simplified and improved the effectiveness of weed control methods. https://search.yahoo.co.jp/video/search?rkf=2&ei=UTF-8&fr=wsr_gvu&p=%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A6%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%82%A2%E3%83%83%E3%83%97 This has led to higher yields of crops. It also decreased the amount of tillage required, decreased costs for equipment and made harvesting simpler due to less herbicides. One of the environmental benefits has been the rise in the use of conservation cultivation: farmers can cut down on the use of energy as well as GHG emissions, and also improve soil structure while preserving soil structure. This is equivalent to removing 28.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (or 12.4 million cars) from the road. Source: PG Economy.